Carpet recycling facilities work to recycle the valuable materials from old carpet and make new, use-tested material for flooring. The carpet recycling process starts by identifying and then separating scrap material from the carpet. They may send the scraps through an automated machine that removes, shreds, cleans, shears, and separates the unwanted material from the carpet fibers.
Then, the cleaned carpets are sent through roll forming machines that will remove the long twisted fibers from the carpets. After the long fibers are removed, the carpets are hand-thrown into an upright pile in a large container. There are limitations to the amount of garbage that can be thrown in this pile, so you should only keep on top of two pounds per truckload. These piles of new carpet are left in the area for an average of five to seven years. After the carpet is placed in the new carpet pile, a dehumidifier is added in order to dry out the pile. The moisture levels will need to be monitored at all times to prevent damage to the new carpet.
When starting the carpet recycling process, you will need to know the fiber type of the carpet. The most commonly used, and easiest to work with, are nylon and polyester. Nylon comes in both full length and shorter lengths, as well as in different thicknesses. Cotton, rayon, and acrylic are also used. It is important to know what the fiber’s properties are in order to determine how to treat it when it is returned to the company.
Many people wonder what happens to the plastics and rubber that are not used in the carpet manufacturing process. The plastics and rubber fibers can be recycled by any process, even though it may not be the best option for a homeowner. Many companies have a separate department that recycling these materials, called a plastics recycling unit. These areas will separate out the trash based on size. Large, hard to fit pieces will be kept on trucks for pickup by a company that specializes in carpet recycling.
Carpet Recycling Process Facts
If a homeowner wants to have a longer lasting carpet, one of the best options is to choose a fiber that has a longer life span, such as nylon or polyester. These materials will have less impact on the environment and last longer than other types of fiber, which makes these carpets more durable and can be used for many more years. They will also offer a large selection of colors and patterns to choose from, allowing a homeowner to make a high quality new carpet that looks like it was professionally created.
There are many different ways to break down old carpet. One of the best options is called fiber replacement. This process replaces the bulk of the old carpet with a new composite material that is designed to look and feel exactly like the original material but is stronger and will last longer. The recycled content can be used again for flooring or wall paper. Another option is to place the new material down directly on top of the old carpet.
A carpet recycling company will carefully inspect the carpets that they will be removing before taking them off of your home. This is to ensure that the material is free of asbestos, mold, mildew or fungus. It is important that these carpets are properly cleaned before being replaced because if they are contaminated, they could possibly cause health issues. Carpeting can be replaced in an overall clean room using special equipment that removes the embedded dirt and grime from each carpet fiber.
In The End
Even though the carpets will be recycled, the finished product is not considered to be throw away material. A good portion of the carpeting is used for flooring, wall paper and even upholstery. The rest is used as backings or other finishing touches on furniture, draperies and carpets. Many companies offer rolls of carpet for sale in this attempt to not only save money and help the environment but also to get people interested in reusing their old carpeting.